Categories: Ingles
      Date: 19-abril-2014,  12:53:30
     Title: GERANIUMS

 The pelargonium, commonly known as the geranium, is one of the most popular patio and garden plants. The windows and balconies of many Spanish homes are adorned with their vivid and colourful blooms.

 



GERANIUMS

 

The pelargonium, commonly known as the geranium, is one of the most popular patio and garden plants. The windows and balconies of many Spanish homes are adorned with their vivid and colourful blooms.

 

The geranium originates from the regions of southern Africa, some parts of Asia and Syria and was introduced into Europe in the 17th Century.

 

Geraniums are divided into many groups, among which is the most dominant group known as pelargonium zonal. Most of the geraniums found in Spanish gardens are from this group. They produce long stalks and their leaves are usually round and bumpy with serrated edges. Generally they are variegated or bear a horseshoe shaped mark.

 

The flowers can be single, semi-double or double in many vibrant shades such as scarlet, red, pink, salmon, white and purple. If cared for correctly geraniums will flower all year round.

 

 

Other varieties of geranium are Pelargonium Peltatum, commonly known as the ivy leaf geranium. This variety are usually grown in hanging plant pots or baskets providing a multitude of coloured flowers. There is another variety known as Pelargonio de Pensamiento and is known as such because pensamiento means thought in Spanish and it is as if these plants are thinking about flowering as their flowers only come between March and June and for the rest of the year they remain green. Another variety has very aromatic leaves.

 

Care of geraniums:

 

Geraniums thrive perfectly in full sunlight during the whole year. If they are slightly in the shade the will produce less flowers. They don’t need a lot of water as too much will rot the stalks so good drainage is important. They are best planted in a mixture of compost and a small amount of soil. Once planted let the soil become almost dry before watering again. If the plants are flowering give them a few drops of liquid fertilizer every 15 days.

When there are only a few flowers it is recommendable to prune the plants otherwise the stalks will grow weak. They only produce leaves and flowers at the end of the stalks so they look better pruned into a bush shape.